The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism is carried out to spread another paper as the author's own paper, copy or paraphrase important parts of another paper (without attribution), to claim the results of research carried out by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

JOCER: Journal of Civic Education Research will ensure that every published article will not exceed 20% similarity score. Plagiarism screening will be conducted by JOCER: Journal of Civic Education Research using Turnitin and Plagiarism Checker X